In organology, lyre is defined as a "yoke lute", being a lute in which the strings are attached to a yoke that lies in the same plane as the sound-table and consists of two arms and a cross-bar. Cartwright, Mark. "Lyre." Cartwright, Mark. A tortoise sound-box from the 5th century BCE survives, as do tuning pegs from the 6th century BCE. He was considered the best musician and poet of all, and he perfected the lyre. It is a bird associated with love, music, poetry; it is often pictured singing to a lyre. Apollo offered to trade the herd of cattle for the lyre. The earliest picture of a lyre with seven strings appears in the famous sarcophagus of Hagia Triada (a Minoan settlement in Crete). It was closely related to the other stringed instruments: the chelys which was made from a tortoise shell, the four-stringed phorminx, and the seven-stringed kithara. Other characters from Greek mythology were also associated with the lyre: Orpheus, the minstrel famous for his sweet singing voice and vivid storytelling skills, was one of them, and even the hero Heracles (Hercules to the Romans) was taught the lyre as part of his early education. In ancient Greek religion and mythology, the twelve Olympians are the major deities of the Greek pantheon, commonly considered to be Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Ares, Hephaestus, Aphrodite, Hermes, and either Hestia or Dionysus. According to the Greek Mythology, two Muses invented theory and practice in learning, three Muses invented the musical vibrations in Lyre, four Muses invented the four known dialects in the language – Attica, Ionian, Aeolian and Dorian – and five muses the five human senses. It was said to be so beautiful, he could charm fish out of the water, summon birds from the skies, lure wild beasts out of the forests and coax trees and rocks into dancing. Apollo, figuring out it was Hermes who had his cows, confronted the young god. When children, they were left to die on Mount Cithaeron but were found and brought up by a shepherd. Plato considered only the lyre or kithara as suitable instruments for musical education. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Lyre/. Those specialists maintain that the zither is distinguished by strings spread across all or most of its soundboard, or the top surface of its sound-chest, also called soundbox or resonator, as opposed to the lyre, whose strings emanate from a more or less common point off the soundboard, such as a tailpiece. The deepest note was that farthest from the player's body; since the strings di… According to ancient Greek mythology, Hermes was the one who invented the lyre in the first place. The fingers of the left hand touched the lower strings (presumably to silence those whose notes were not wanted). His parents were the king of Thrace Oeagrus and the muse Calliope. The sarcophagus was used during the Mycenaean occupation of Crete (c. 1400 BC). Slightly later, across the Aegean in the 14th century BCE, lyres develop S-shaped arms and are frequently decorated with water-birds. DEA / G. DAGLI ORTI / Getty Images. There were two ways of tuning: one was to fasten the strings to pegs that might be turned, while the other was to change the placement of the string on the crossbar; it is likely that both expedients were used simultaneously. Music (or mousike) was an integral part of life in the ancient... Orpheus is a figure from ancient Greek mythology, most famous for... Sappho of Lesbos (c. 620-570 BCE) was a lyric poet whose work was... A kylix depicting the god Apollo pouring a libation and holding... Silver stater from Calymna, Caria, 600-550 BCE. The lyre was played either alone or as an accompaniment to singing or lyric poetry. A stringed musical instrument used in ancient Greece. 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